Statistical Data on Mental Health Issues
According to the Statistical body of the NHS Digital , a sixth of the population from the age between 16- 64 suffer with Mental Health Issues.
The organisation Mind says that approximately 1 in 4 adults in the UK will face mental health problems each year. This equates to 16 million people in the UK who will suffer with some form of mental health difficulties.
Women and Mental Health
Mental health problems seems to be significantly higher in women, this could be because they are more incline to report it and seek help more so than men. However, the statistical evidence shows men are more likely to take their own life.
Children and Mental Health Issues
The onset of mental health issues first appears in childhood, then again in adolescents/ young adults. The research suggest that 3 in 4 mental illnesses start in childhood, at least 75% of mental illness will start before a young person has reached their 18th birthday. What is more staggering is that 50% of adults experienced mental health problems before the age of 15 but do not necessarily receive therapeutic intervention.
Young People facing Mental Health Challenges
It is reported that 75% of young people who have mental health problems do not receive treatment. There is a significant wait for those who have complex health challenges wanting to access treatment. Those presenting with internal disorders such as anxiety and depression are overlooked frequently, therefore do not receive the therapeutic support that they need.
Are Mental Health Issues on the Increase
Although the data suggest that Mental Health problems numbers has not increased recently, people presenting with severe mental illness symptoms seems to be more prevalent. However, how people cope with mental health difficulties is getting worse as the number of people who self harm and have suicidal thoughts are on the increase.
Black British Facing Mental Health Problems
What is even more astonishing, of all the cultural makeup, blacks and other minorities are the most under researched cultural group. Yet we are considered to be at a higher at risk of developing mental illnesses. The 2014 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity survey found that blacks represented 20.9% experiencing mental health issues but yet we have the lowest treatment rate of any ethnic group at 6.2% compared to 13.3% of white British.
Blacks in Crisis at the Point They Access Help in The Mental Health System
Minds Matter says that black people in the UK are more likely than white people to be diagnosed with mental health problems, which will result in them being sectioned. Those accessing treatment are more likely to experience poorer outcomes. Therefore they are more likely to disengage from traditional mental health services.
Our British African-Caribbean community have a lower diagnosed rate of mental illnesses than any of the other ethnic groups. However, we are more likely to be diagnosed with severe mental illnesses.
Further studies in 2015 looking at ethnicity showed that black minorities have a higher risk of presenting with psychosis compared with their white counterparts.
Black women according to the current research are more likely to develop Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and feature with a higher rate than any other cultural group. The indication is this is as a result of sexual assaults they were subjected to at some stage in their life. Black women are less likely to report it or seek help for the trauma or the abuse.
We are 3 to 5 times more likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia than any other group.
The mental health organisation state there is a higher probability that we will enter the mental health system as a result of being directed by the court system or police and being sectioned under the mental health act rather than the traditional route via the primary care pathway. As this is the case, medication is more likely to be our treatment plan as oppose to talking therapies, the preferred mainstream option to this service.
The data on African-Caribbean shows that as an ethnic group we are more reluctant than other cultures to engage in other services. Therefore when we need to access primary care we are much more unwell than any other group.